What does the evidence say about midwifery care in birth centers?
- Outcomes of care in birth centers: Demonstration of a durable model.
- The National Birth Center Study II
- Maternal Outcomes in Birth Centers: An Integrative Review of the Literature
- Midwifery Care at a Freestanding Birth Center: A Safe and Effective Alternative to Conventional Maternity Care
- Outcomes of childbearing Medicaid beneficiaries engaged in care at Strong Start birth center sites between 2012 and 2014
What does the evidence say about water birth safety?
- American Association of Accredited Birth Center Position Statement Immersion in Water During Labor and Birth
- Maternal and Newborn Outcomes Following Waterbirth: The Midwives Alliance of North America Statistics Project, 2004 to 2009 Cohort
Do mainstream maternity care organizations support birth centers as a safe option?
- Planned Homebirth
- Approaches to Limit Intervention During Labor and Birth
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists support intermittent auscultation, non-pharmacologic methods of pain relief including massage, position changes, water immersion, and continuous one-on-one emotional support to improve outcomes.